Volume III
December, 2013

Newsletter Home / Refrigerator Door

The Rundown on Reindeer

There may not be one with a red glowing nose, but in the arctic, Rudolph’s friends are all around! The Old Farmer’s Almanac for Kids, Volume 5, shares some interesting facts about a favorite holiday season animal.

  • Reindeer have a superb sense of smell. It helps them to locate food buried deep under snow, alerts them to the presence of predators, and aids in navigation.
  • In bitterly cold weather, the footpads on a reindeer’s hooves shrink and tighten, exposing the rims of its hooves. This helps the reindeer both to pierce through snow as it walks and to dig food in deep snow.
  • A female reindeer is a cow.
  • A male reindeer is a bull.
  • A baby reindeer is a calf.
  • A group of reindeer is a herd.
  • Reindeer and caribou are cousins.
  • Reindeer have two layers of thick, furry, brownish-gray hair. The layer closest to their skin is dense, woolly, and soft. On top are long, hollow “guard hairs.” Air gets trapped inside these hairs and holds in body heat to keep the reindeer warm. These hairs also help reindeer to float. They are excellent swimmers.
  • Reindeer are the only species of deer that can be domesticated. For more than 2,000 years, they have been used to carry and pull loads.
  • Both male and female reindeer have antlers. (In other deer species, only males have antlers.) In early spring, male reindeer begin to grow antlers. At full size, these will be 20 to 50 inches tall. All new antlers are covered with protective soft fur, called “velvet.” Reindeer shed their antlers annually and grow a new, larger set every year.
  • In the Santa Claus tale, Santa Claus's sleigh is pulled by flying reindeer. These were first named in the 1823 poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas", where they are called Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Dunder, and Blixem. Dunder was later changed to Donder and—in other works—Donner (in German, "thunder"), and Blixem was later changed to Bliksem, then Blitzen (German for "lightning"). Some consider Rudolph as part of the group as well, though he was not part of the original named work referenced previously. Rudolph was added by Robert L. May in 1939 as "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer".

So, with all that said, you better not shout, you better not cry, ‘cuz Santa and the reindeer are going to hit the sky! J Merry Christmas!


Barbara Williams
"Dan's Right Hand"
Creative DVO Employee since 2007

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